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Most doctors misunderstand the risks of nicotine February 1,2021.

Research: Most doctors misunderstand the risks of nicotine

On November 17, according to Vapingpost, a US national survey published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine revealed that most local doctors misunderstood the risks of nicotine.

This study, conducted by researchers at Rutgers University in New Jersey, entitled "The Misunderstandings of Nicotine Risks by American Doctors" surveyed doctors in six specialties (family medicine, internal medicine, obstetrics and gynecology, cardiology, Pulmonary and Intensive Care Hematology and Oncology) to explore their knowledge and advice on tobacco use, from September 2018 to February 2019. A total of 1,020 doctors were asked about their understanding of tobacco treatment practices, beliefs in harm reduction, and the use of tobacco and e-cigarettes.

Compiled data shows that 83% of doctors mistakenly believe that nicotine directly causes heart disease, and 81% believe that nicotine can cause chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The findings also show that compared with other majors, pulmonologists are less likely to associate nicotine intake with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and family doctors are more likely than oncologists to believe that nicotine causes cancer.

"Physicians must understand the actual risks of using nicotine because they are essential in prescribing and recommending FDA-approved nicotine replacement therapy products to help patients who use other dangerous forms of tobacco." Michael B. Stember, Director of the Rutgers Tobacco Dependence Program "Doctors should be able to accurately communicate these risks, which may include low-nicotine cigarettes, which are not safer than traditional cigarettes," Ge said.

Researchers found that less than one-third of the doctors interviewed believed that nicotine intake directly caused birth defects, while 30% of doctors did not answer this question, indicating that they did not know. Young doctors and female doctors are more likely to realize the correct risk of nicotine to birth defects than men, and obstetrics and gynecology doctors are more likely to misjudge than other professional doctors.

Based on these findings, the researchers concluded that some measures need to be taken to correct people’s misunderstandings about nicotine consumption.

Christina Delnevo, director of the Rutgers Tobacco Research Center and a professor at the Rutgers University School of Public Health, said: “In view of the nicotine-centric framework proposed by the FDA, correcting medical misconceptions should be a priority. The framework This includes reducing the nicotine content in cigarettes to a level that is not addictive, while encouraging safer forms of nicotine, such as NRT, to help quit smoking, such as smokeless tobacco or heat not burn to reduce harm.

At the same time, although nicotine is usually ingested through smoking, the "name" of nicotine is often poor. However, many studies have shown that nicotine may have a positive effect on brain health. Published in the Open Access of Toxicology in 2016, it was found that nicotine can play a vital role in preventing obesity, thereby preventing brain atrophy and also preventing Alzheimer's disease And other neurological diseases.

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